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Types of Meditation

Meditation can be defined as a set of techniques (see below for some examples) that are intended to encourage a heightened state of awareness and focused attention. Meditation is also a consciousness-changing technique shown to have many benefits on psychological well-being

Some key things to note about meditation:

  • Meditation has been practiced in cultures all over the world for thousands of years.

  • Nearly every religion, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, has a tradition of using meditative practices.

  • While meditation is often used for religious purposes, many people practice it independently of any religious or spiritual beliefs or practices.

  • Meditation can also be used as a psychotherapeutic technique.

  • There are many different types of meditation.

Meditation Benefits

While some people believe that meditation doesn’t work for everyone, others believe that it's down to the type of meditation. People learn in different ways, and therefore different meditation styles will work better for different people. It’s all about finding the type of meditation which works for you.

Once you find one or more types of meditation that work for you, their are many benefits including:

Mental and Emotional Benefits:

  • Enhanced self-awareness that improves your ability to understand yourself and relate to those around you

  • Increased creativity

  • Greater patience and emotional flexibility

  • Enhanced attention span

  • Improved memory

  • Reduced harmful levels of stress hormones and inflammatory chemicals associated with the stress response, helping alleviate depression and prevent depression relapses

  • Reduced anxiety

Physical benefits:​

Buddha Close Up


A mindful way of dealing with a stressful situation 

  • P        Pause         When you realise that things are difficult, just pause.​​

  • E        Exhale        As you exhale you may want to let out a sigh, a groan, or                                            even weep. After you exhale you want to inhale. Just keep                               and out

  • A        Acknowledge/Accept/Allow   As you continue to breathe, acknowledge                                      the situation as it is. Acknowledging a situation doesn’t mean                                    you're happy about it. It just means that you recognise the                                        situation is as it is, whether you like it or not. It means giving                                      yourself permission to have whatever thoughts, feelings, and                                    body sensations come up for you

  • C        Clarity/Courage/Compassion/Comedy      When you're ready, and this                                      may take a few moments, days, weeks or even months                                                depending on the situation, choose how you'll respond. Your                                    response might take courage to face your fears, and                                                  compassion for yourself for how incredibly difficult it                                                  sometimes is to be a human being.

  • E        Engage      After you have paused, exhaled, allowed, and chosen your                                        response, you're ready to engage with people, the situation,                                    with life.

Press 'Play Meditation' to be taken to an example of each meditation type below.

Other meditations not listed here are available using this button 

Breath Meditation

Mindful breathing is a very basic yet powerful mindfulness meditation practice. The idea is simply to focus your attention on your breathing, to its natural rhythm and flow and the way it feels on each inhale and exhale.

Mindfulness Meditation

Mindfulness is a type of meditation in which you focus on being intensely aware of what you're sensing and feeling in the moment, without interpretation or judgment. 

Imagery & Visualisation


Guided Imagery/Visualization is a style of meditation where the practitioner focuses their attention on a positive image, thought, feeling, or sensation. In this type of meditation, you will visualise an image or concept in your mind’s eye, and remain focused on this image during the practice.

Body Scan Meditation

Body scan meditation is a practice involving scanning your body for pain,tension,or anything out of the ordinary. It can help you feel more connected to your physical and emotional self.

Mantra Meditation

Meditation mantras are words or phrases you can sing, chant, hum, or repeat silently in your mind as you meditate. They come in many forms. Some are short, others are long. But they’re all designed to bring you into a state of deeper presence and awareness.

Loving Kindness (Metta) Meditation

Metta or loving-kindness meditation, is a Buddhist practice for cultivating compassion for ourselves and others through directing loving, friendly phrases and goodwill

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